Believed to be the first known kingdom in Sri Lanka under the guidance of King Pandukabhaya, the Kingdom of Anuradhapura reigned supreme from 377 B.C to 1017 A.D. though the period was marked by a number of South Indian invasions, the capital of Anuradhapura flourished under the reigns of its founder as well as succeeding kings such as King Valagamba and King Dhatusena. At present, the city is home to some of the most famous tourist attractions in Sri Lanka such as large reservoirs, stupas and a number of other tributes to Buddhism. In order to comprehensively view these monuments, it is advisable to consult the assistance of a travel agency who can arrange a tour of the major monuments such as Thuparamaya and Ruwanvali Seya. When it comes to searching for accommodation, opt for a chain of hotels such as the John Keells Group that can provide you with comfort and convenience during your tour of Sri Lanka.

Of all the major ancient monuments in Anuradhapura, the Abhayagiri Vihara is possibly the most noteworthy due to it being one of the most comprehensively preserved ruins in the country. The site was formally a Buddhist monastery and is home to the Abhayagiri Dagaba or Pagoda which is one of the largest in the island. The Thuparamaya temple, on the other hand, has the distinction of being the first dagaba in Sri Lanka and was built by King Devanampiyatissa subsequent to the introduction of Buddhism to the island. This particular pagoda is built in the shape of a pile of paddy but was destroyed and reconstructed multiple times throughout history.

Another temple that occupies a special place in terms of monuments in this city is the Isurumuniya Vihara where one can see the Isurumuniya Lovers and the Elephant Pond built by King Devanampiyatissa. Located between the famed Ruwanveliseya and the Sri Mahabodhiya one can find Lovamahapaya, also known as the Brazen Palace. This particular monument was built under the guidance of King Dutugemunu but was destroyed and what can be seen today are the remnants of the Palace.

Pushpitha Wijesinghe is an experienced independent freelance writer. He specializes in providing a wide variety of content and articles related to the travel hospitality industry.